NEHRU MUSEUM OF SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY

Hijli Shaheed Bhavan

Hijli Shaheed Bhavan in 1990

NEHRU MUSEUM OF SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY

Established in 1990

The museum was established in this building in 1990 with the objective of providing a historical perspective

NEHRU MUSEUM OF SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY

Hijli Shahid Bhavan

On 16th September, 1997, it was renamed as Hijli Shahid Bhavan

NEHRU MUSEUM OF SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY

A Historic Building

Infamous Hijli Detention Camp of the pre-Independence era

NEHRU MUSEUM OF SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY

A Great place

Located in the old building of IIT Kharagpur

A Great place

Located in the old building of IIT Kharagpur

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A Historic Building

Infamous Hijli Detention Camp of the pre-Independence era

Know More

Hijli Shahid Bhavan

On 16th September, 1997, it was renamed as Hijli Shahid Bhavan

Know More

Established in 1990

The museum was established in this building in 1990 with the objective of providing a historical perspective

Know More

Established in 1990

The museum was established in this building in 1990 with the objective of providing a historical perspective

Know More

Image Gallery of NMST

History

Nehru Museum of Science & Technology is located at the Hijli Detention camp building, now named as Hijli Saheed Bhavan, an imposing building of Byzantine architectural style. According to lore, this building was constructed to house the district headquarters of one proposed district Hijli, which eventually never materialised due to different reasons. Over the years, the political resistance to foreign rule intensified in this part of the country, and this building was converted to a detention camp for the political prisoners. In fact, the infamous firing incident by the jail guards on unarmed detainees on 16th September 1931 brought this building into limelight. Much later, this building witnessed the establishment of the first of the Indian Institutes of Technology in 1951.

Considering the historical importance of the "Old Hijli Detention Camp", Prof K. L. Chopra, Director of I.I.T. Kharagpur from 1987 to 1997, took the initiative to house in it a museum of science and technology. A taskforce to look after the museum establishment was constituted under the chairmanship of Prof. G.L. Sinha in 1989. In tune with the Nehru centenary celebrations in 1990 the museum was named after Pandit Jawahar Lal Nehru. On 1st July, 1990 the Board of Governors, I.I.T. Kharagpur gave approval of the Management committee to run the museum. The doors of the Museum were formally opened to the public by Mr. Russi Modi (the then Chairman, BOG) on August 3, 1990. From then on, this museum has lived up to its ideals and visions of providing a historical perspective to the advancement of scientific and technological knowledge by means of models, demonstrations, experiments and photographs.

 

Objectives

The museum was established to serve the following mandates:

  • To Providing a historical perspective to the advancement of science and technology and demonstrate the vastness of scientific and technological advancement by means of models, experiments, demonstrations, photographs, manuscripts, geological specimens like fossils ,popular talks, light and sounds etc.
  • To provide young minds at the school and college level with an opportunity to learn and rediscover scientific principles by performing experiments.
  • To bring out books, magazines, etc., for popularizing science and technology amongst the people at large.
  • To preserve and present the history of technical education in India and specially the history of the IIT system to the general public.
  • To collect and preserve the cultural and anthropological records of the people of our neighborhood.
  • To organize exhibitions of scientific and technical models and gadgets, creative arts and crafts etc., for the education of the common mass.
  • To preserve the genesis of our quest for national freedom struggle via the Hijli detention camp and all its allied structures.

Contents in the museum

  • A large number of technical models have been collected for exhibition in the Museum.
  • Fourteen open air demo experiments have been set up in the science park in front of the museum for school children. Several indoor as well as outdoor exhibits like a Hunter plane (donated by the IAF ), a Steam Engine (donated by the Indian Railways ), a Radar (donated by Indian Army) and many other exhibits are on display.
  • An archive room has been set up where documents pertaining to history of IIT Kharagpur and Hijli detention camp are displayed.
  • One children gallary with various working models is one of the major attraction of the Museum.
  • One theme gallary on the "Evolution of science in India" is under construction.
  • A photo gallary with the relevant information about the IIT systemgives one a complete idea about the IITs.
  • Some of the other gallaries are on computing machines, agricultural instruments, civil engineering and architecture, mechanical models etc.
  • A number of books on popular science like LASERS, FOOD & FUN, BRAIN WAVE, Profiles in Wisdom, Science and Indian Scientists, Past & Present of IIT Kharagpur etc.have been published by the museum.
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